Tourism Education in India
Tourism Education in India- Tourism Management is a sector of the tourism industry which deals with aspects of travel and accommodations incorporating tourism education in India. In today’s era, travel and tourism has become an emerging sector growing rapidly and employing a large number of people both skilled and unskilled. In India, this industry is contributing a lot towards the growth of GDP. The future of the tourism industry is definitely exciting but several human resource challenges are being faced by this industry. The development and the sustainability of the tourism industry requires development strategies for human resources and personnel involved in tourism, the development of host communities, and tourists themselves. Sustainability based work, culture, professional ethics, and operational practices are basic to sustainability in tourism. There are a number of tourism courses in India provided by the tourism colleges. Full time tourism management courses are now taken up by the existing universities. In comparison to older times, there has been a great advancement in tourism education now. Let us see the education scenarios and other aspects of tourism in India.
Indian Tourism Education Scenario
The number of international and domestic flows are growing day by day. University Grants Commission has allotted Travel & Tourism course in undergraduate level in various forms like Bachelors of travel & tourism Management (B.T.T.M), Bachelors of Tourism Studies (B.T.S), B.B.A in (Tourism & Hospitality Management) etc. Also there are a number of universities which provide MBA in Tourism, MTA, and MTM etc. Some private institutes are also running certificate, diploma & degree courses. Tourism education in India also received encouragement from the National ActionPlan for Tourism announced in May 1992. Apart from the course on tourism management run by the I.T.T.M, there are colleges in universities of Gwalior,Kurusksetra, Aligarh Muslim University, Jodhpur, Pondicherry, and Indore that provide tourism education at the Master Degree and PostGraduate Diploma levels. The two important tourism activities are accommodation and hospitality; and travel and trade. Hence, the manpower development for the tourism industry can not be confined to tourism education and training imparted by the national level institutes and universities only. With this objective in mind the tourism planners in India both in the government and the private sectors have started Hotel Management, Catering and Nutrition institutes.
Thus, at present there are 20 Institutes of Hotel Management and 13 Food Craft Institutes of Hotel Management functioning in the country.
Read more- What is Hospitality and Travel?
Training Institutes in Travel & Tourism Management
Around 172 training institutes are engaged in travel and tour management education. Out of them only 11 are government sponsored institutes, 78 are affiliated to universities while the rest of them are privately owned. Approximately, 17,500 students are completing IATA/UFTA certified diploma courses, graduate and post graduate degree courses.
Spread of Tourism Education in India
To cope up with the growing demand for trained manpower requirements to run the tourist offices, hotels, travel agencies, airlines effectively and efficiently; a carefully drawn tourism education plan has emerged as the primary need of the nation. Here are some of the strategies that can be adopted by the educationists, tourists planners, private and government organisations.
The study of tourism encompasses studies in the fields of history,culture, economics, psychology, sociology from the humanities stream and on the other hand it includes studies in the fields of bio-science, environment, geography,and statistics of the science stream. Hence, tourism as an important subject should be introduced at the secondary and higher secondary levels in the Indian school curriculums.
The young tourism bachelor degree pass outs must be required to have on the job training programme during their course and administrative training phase.This will enable them to have on the job exposure.
The universities in the Eastern and North eastern parts of the country should be provided required assistance by U.G.C., A.I.C.T.E. and I.I.T.T.M to set up Departments of Tourism Administration
Exchange programme with foreign institutes, both for the students as well as faculty.
To bring guest faculties from international reputed tourism institutes. This would bring global perception to Indian institutes
Thus some of these strategies suggested above will help in maintenance of socio-cultural and environmental factors of the country along with the economic development of the nation through tourism.
Relevance of Tourism Industry in India
The development of the tourism sector has many socio-economic benefits. These significance cannot be ignored.
Economic Significance: Tourism increases the foreign exchange earning capability of a nation. It also leads to the infrastructural development of the underdeveloped tourist destinations.
Infrastructural Significance: The business of tourism encourages the development of infrastructural facilities in under-developed tourist destinations. In the case of India one may cite the cases of Khajuraho, Goa, Kulu, Delhi, etc.
Employment Significance: Tourism is a business of the people, by the people and for the people. Being a labour intensive industry, it has second most important employment generating capacity, next to the agriculture sector of Indian economy.
Youth and nation building significance: The recent concept of adventure tourism like river rafting, mountaineering, sailing in turbulent seas, paragliding, all these activities encourage the young domestic tourists to imbibe in themselves the spirits of leadership, group cohesiveness. This measure of tourism development helps in building a strong national character with a complete dedication towards nation building activities among the youths.
International and inter-state understanding and peace: Respect for the socio-cultural systems of both the hosts and tourists leads to the development of international understanding and peace. This is also true in case of domestic tourists, who visit various tourist destinations of different states within their country.
Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - Tourism Education in India
Question: What is tourism management?
Tourism Management is a sector of the tourism industry which deals with aspects of travel and accommodations incorporating tourism education in India.
Question: What are the different tourism courses in India?
The various tourism courses at undergraduate and postgraduate level are Bachelors of travel & tourism Management (B.T.T.M), Bachelors of Tourism Studies (B.T.S), B.B.A in (Tourism & Hospitality Management) etc. Also there are a number of universities which provide MBA in Tourism, MTA, and MTM etc.
Question: What are the two important tourism activities or aspects?
The two important tourism activities are accommodation and hospitality; and travel and trade.
Question: How does tourism promote economic significance?
Tourism increases the foreign exchange earning capability of a nation. It also leads to the infrastructural development of the underdeveloped tourist destinations.
Question: How many training institutes are there in travel and tourism management?
Around 172 training institutes are engaged in travel and tour management education. Out of them only 11 are government sponsored institutes, 78 are affiliated to universities while the rest of them are privately owned. Approximately, 17,500 students are completing IATA/UFTAA certified diploma courses, graduate and post graduate degree courses.